The Applied Visualization Laboratory contains several 3D immersive environments for scientists and engineers to walk into their data, examine it, and provide deep analysis in pursuit of their research.

As mixed, virtual, and augmented reality technology evolves, the opportunities for portable, in-depth analysis of complex data sets increases. Augmented reality solutions are envisioned to allow researchers to have CAVE-like experiences anywhere. Web-based 3-D geographic information systems, mobile applications (for both phone and tablet) and serious games (games built for training or educational purposes) allow users to conduct research at their desks or in the field, enabling discovery outside the lab. Virtual reality exploration systems offer the ability to create visualizations of large data sets that can be projected and run in real-time simulations. Using six-degrees-of-freedom input devices — which allow a body to move forward and backward, up and down, left to right — and stereoscopic output, they offer the benefits of more realistic interaction.

The Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) opened its first Cave Automatic Virtual Environment (CAVE) in 2010. With the new CAVE installed in 2017, CAES's Applied Visualization Laboratory is even better equipped to provide researchers from universities, industry and government agencies with a user facility where they can visualize and address scientific and technical challenges.

9193288655 b0e95fff0d k.jpg?fm=pjpg&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Recent News

  • Xingyue Yang is presenting her work titled "3D Virtual Simulation for Radiation Safety and Survey Training" at CAAV Conference, 2021
  • Rajiv Khadka is presenting his work titled "Mobile Hot Cell Digital Twin using Immersive Virtual Environment" at CAAV Conference, 2021

Recent Publications

  • Khadka, R., Koudelka, J., Kenney, K., Egan, E. Casanova, K., Hillman, B., Reed, T., Newman, G., & Issac, B. (2022, March). Mobile Hot Cell Digital Twin: End-of-life Management of Disused High Activity Radioactive Sources — 22057. In Waste Management Symposia (WMS). (accepted)


Koudelka P 10581 3 scaled.jpg?fm=pjpg&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

John Koudelka
Applied Visualization Laboratory Lead

rajiv.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Rajiv Khadka
Visualization Researcher

Xingyue ProfilePhoto scaled.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Xingyue Yang
Visualization Researcher

NathanWoods.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Nathan Woods
Visualization Researcher

8430900 full scaled.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Porter Zohner
Data Analytics and Visualization Professional

Grover P 9961 1 min cloaked 681x1024 1.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Shane Grover
Hardware Engineer and Data Analyst

Shad Staples min cloaked.resized.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Shad Staples
AI Data Analytics and Visualization Department Manager


Final4KwithCorrectDOI 1 e1696973470456 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Scientific Visualization

Scientific visualization is a collaborative branch of both science and computer graphics, concerned with the visual representation of scientific data. Visualizations are typically created to enable scientific and other technical peers to better understand their data, though they are often adapted for general audiences. At AVL, we provide expertise in all forms of visualization, with an emphasis in two- and three-dimensional representations of large computational datasets.
11440439233 95bfc7531b c.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=511&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Immersive Analytics

Immersive analytics aims to use interaction techniques and display systems to support analytical reasoning and decision making. One of the key components of immersive analytics is finding insights from data using visualization, display, and interaction techniques. The application of immersive analytics can be across several fields, such as biology, engineering, physics, automobile, chemistry, security, health informatics, and nuclear.

ATR2.gif?fm=pjpg&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Digital Twins

A digital twin is a digital virtual replication of a process, product, or service. It allows the pairing of a virtual and physical world for the analysis of data and monitoring systems. It supports preventing the downtime of a system, exploring new opportunities, and planning for the future by using digital simulations. Digital twin is being used across different sectors, for instance, manufacturing, automotive, and industry. We are using digital twin technology to support real-time monitoring and simulation of the diverse experimental conditions in a nuclear reactor.

RemoteCollaboration scaled.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=387&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Remote Collaboration

With the advancement of technology, researchers and scientists are exploring tools and techniques to remotely connect, conduct research, share datasets, and hold meetings. Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Mixed Reality (MR) can be a powerful and exciting medium to immerse the user in a simulated environment to reach a common goal. This project aims to use VR environments to support remote collaboration across geographically distributed users using diverse display devices (2D or 3D). Each participant can use voice, 2D, or an immersive 3D environment to connect, view, and share information to achieve common goals.

CEI.gif?fm=pjpg&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Virtual Training

Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Mixed Reality (MR) can be used to simulate realistic scenarios in the virtual world, enabling users to train skills and learn the outcomes of their actions in the simulated environment. The virtual environment provides unlimited opportunities to prepare for workforce development. It supports delivering truly immersive virtual training experiences without the risk or the cost of taking them to a dangerous site or environment. We have developed VR/AR training project involving VR Building information modeling (BIM), radiation environment, future office spaces, and workforce development.

ImmersiveAnalytics 2 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Graph Visualization

Graph/Node visualization can be used to represent structural information as a diagram of an abstract graph and networks. It can be used to draw a graph network to get insights about complex connected data. A graph can be decomposed into a tree structure, which includes nodes and edges to describes the relationship between the node and edge. One of the projects that we are working on involves using graph/node visualization that incorporates machine learning malware detection and supports the analysis via interactive and immersive visualization.

NIRC.gif?fm=pjpg&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory


WebXR is an API that enables developers to build Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR), and Mixed Reality (MR) 3D applications on a web-based platform. WebXR applications are cross-platform and accessible to users with low entry barriers. The WebXR API provides interfaces that let users interact directly with immersive devices, such as head-mounted displays, mobile devices, and desktops. WebXR applications allow users to access and interact with 3D contents on a web browser without installing applications through the app store. We are utilizing the WebXR capability to provide cross-platform immersive experiences to support visualization.

HIP.gif?fm=pjpg&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory


Light detection and ranging (LIDAR) is a remote sensing method that uses light to determine variable distances by targeting an object. It is used to make 3D representation of the scanned areas due to differences in light return time after strinking the target object.

5361836445 fc6aabd461 k.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=511&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Simulation & Modeling

Simulation and modeling is a process that is used to create and analyze a digital prototype of a physical model, which helps an individual to predict the performance and output in the real world. We are using VR and AR for simulation and modeling. One of the projects that we are using VR/AR for simulation and modeling is the Disaster Response Complex in collaboration with Idaho State University. We simulate emergency and disaster scenarios in the virtual environment and train the first responders across several scenarios and conditions. This project will help the first responders to be prepared for the real-world.

Virtual AVL


11440439233 95bfc7531b c.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=682&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Cave Automatic Virtual Environment (CAVE)
Four-panel system — 12'x12'x7.5',
Rear Digital Projection

IQ station at Idaho National Laboratory in Idaho Falls Idaho image by authors Q320.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Inexpensive Interactive Immersive Interface
(I-quaded or IQ) Station
A low cost mobile solution similar to the CAVE

Virtuix Omni product view profile scaled.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=604&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Virtuix Omni TreadMill
It provides platform to simulates locomotion for virtual reality games and application

716Y9WriHqL. SX466 .jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=666&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

A virtual reality headset to view virtual environment and interact with the environment using controller

butterfly still small 3x e1614985535797.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=101&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Magic Leap
Augmented Reality headset to augment the virtual information on top of the real world

HoloLens2 scaled.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=576&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory Microsoft Hololens 2
Augmented Reality headset to augment the virtual information on top of the real world

71vUCoQ7jZL. AC SL1500 .jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=572&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Meta 2 Headset
Augmented Reality headset to augment the virtual information on top of the real world

217623 large.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=1024&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory


High Performance Desktop Replacement Slim Laptop.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=720&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Laptops/Desktop Machine

FaroScanner.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=1024&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory

Lidar Faro Scanner
Laser scanning tools to capture exterior and interior scenes



unity masterbrand black1 scaled.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=159&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory download 1.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=79&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory


ue logo 1400x788 1400x788 8f185e1e3635.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=169&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory Visualization Toolkit logo.svg.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=161&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory 480px ArcGIS logo.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory blender logo socket.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=92&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory



meshlab 01 orig.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=150&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization LaboratoryCC Home Image v2.jpg?fit=scale&fm=pjpg&h=200&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory MicrosoftTeams image.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory MicrosoftTeams image 1.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=300&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory





AVL.png?fit=scale&fm=png&h=663&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory
AVLMaps.png?fm=png&ixlib=php 3.3 Applied Visualization Laboratory